Flora and Fauna


More than a half of the area of Kamešnica is covered by the mountain meadows. There are several types of them, and they have extremly rich plant species. Dry continental grasslands have been developed at lower altitudes and they are important locations for different types of Orchid, and pre-mountain and mountain limestone grasslands or lawns overgrown the higest area of Kamešnica and contain important endemic plant species or protected species, while with grasslands in karst areas have also some of the protected and endemic species.

The flora comprises:

  • Snakehead fritillary
  • Dalmatian rockbell
  • The Adriatic Iris
  • Mountain pine
  • Narcissus
  • Scopoli's rockcress
  • Pasque flower



The mountain areas of Kamešnica provide good living conditions for large terrestrial predators, and the fact is that at Kamešnica encounter all three species of large beasts (red Carnivore) living in Eurrope: the brown bear, grey wolf and Eurasian lynx, clearly speaks about the degree ofconservation of Croatian nature in general and the meaning of Kamešnica mountain in the system of European natural habitats.


The mammals of the Trilj region are:

  • Balkan snow vole
  • Brown hare
  • Red fox
  • Badger
  • Wilde boar
  • The gray wolf
  • The brown bear
  • The wildcat
  • Marten


Herpetofauna in the area of Trilj includes fifteen species of lizards, snakes and amphibians, some of which are endagered species mainly due to narrowing or degradation of their specific habitat. The Trilj part of Kamešnica is the habitatat of endangered species: meadow viper, Mosor lizard and endemic olm.

Nous – horned viper

The herpetofauna comprises:

  • Endemic olm
  • The Dalmatian wall lizard
  • Balcan whip snake
  • Grasse snake
  • Nous – horned viper
  • The common toad
  • Fire salamander
  • The european glass lizard


The relatively well-preserved, large and diverse habitats of Kamešnica and lower flow of Cetina are refuges for may species of invertebrates whose living space, due to the specific conditions that they require, in the European context is threatened and many of them are endemic and included in the Red list.

A special group of consists of invertebrates that live in caves- their biology is not well known, but they are protected together with cave vertebrates as a speleofauna bodily.

Daylight peacock butterfly

Insects include:

  • Dalmatian Ringlet
  • Daylight peacock butterfly
  • Dove tail
  • European hornet
  • Long horned beetle
  • Stag beetle
  • Bumble bee
  • Alpine longhorn beetle


The Trilj area, besides providing the original living conditions of a considerable number of species of birds that have been declared European endangered- and it's about thirty species found in the wider area of the Cetina region, thie deep inland Dalmatian corner is the last refuge of the few that, whitin the Croatian borders, nesting only here and nowhere else. Therefore, this sparse population are protected not only with the national and international acts on the protection of birds, but also those on the protection of their habitat.


The bird species include:

  • Dipper
  • Moustached warbler
  • Eagle owl
  • Goldfish
  • Kestrel


Although fresh water represents only a smal percentage of the total water surface, one third of all fish are primarily freshwater species. To date, about 10 000 described species of freshwater fish, and every year to discover 200 new species. European ichtyofauna has about 316 species of freshwater fish, and reducing its diversity is a consequence of ice ages.

All types of fish that live in fresh water Croatian belonging to the class Actionopterygii (zrakoperke) and ranks Chondrostei (Squires) and Teleostei (true drupes). In Croatia, there are about 150 species of freswater fishes distributed in 29 families and 15 orders.

Brook trout

The fish species include:

  • Ilyric ide
  • Ukliva dace
  • Brook trout
  • Dalmatian spined loach
  • Dalmatian barbel gudgeon
  • Minnow nase

Source: Medpaths


  • 16. May 2023.

    The fairytale Dalmatian town of Trilj is once again becoming the center of blues sound this summer, thanks to the biggest blues festival in Croatia and one of the strongest musical events of its kind in South-East Europe - the Thrill Blues Festival...